Top Most Endangered Animals
We often hear or read that some animals become endangered animals. So we need to know who are they, how they become endangered, and who decides this. So in this article, we will find out the answers to all these questions.
What do you mean by the endangered animals?
Endangered animals are those animals that are likely to be extinct in the near future. They are at risk of extinction. A species is classified as endangered when its population has declined between 50 and 70 percent. This decline is measured over 10 years or three generations of the species, whichever is longer. One of the prominent lists of endangered animals is the Red List of Threatened Species made by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUNC).
How does an animal become endangered?
An animal becomes endangered due to the following reason:
- Loss of habitat
- Invasive Species
- Economic worth
- Low Population growth
- Hunting and Poaching
How does it affect biodiversity?
- Change in the food chain
- Affect Humans
List of 10 Most Endangered Species
Amur Leopard is one of the eight species of the leopard. It is found in the region of southeastern Russia and northern China. It is a nocturnal and solitary leopard. The color of its fur changes seasonally. It is also known as a Far Eastern leopard. It is listed in the most endangered list of big cats by IUNC in 2007.
“The Far Eastern leopard is in grave danger of extinction due to numerous factors, including habitat degradation, poaching and prey depletion, inbreeding and disease, and competitive interactions with tigers.”
Orangutans are found only in the rain forests of the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo and Sumatra. It has the ability to think and reason. It is closely related to human beings. Orangutans are three extant species of great apes. They are very patient animals. Their hair is reddish-brown. The size of the female and male Orangutan also differs.
“All these three Orangutans are crucially endangered. Human activities like hunting, poaching, and deforestation, etc. are responsible for them to enlist in the Red list by IUNC.”
Gorillas are an inhabitant of the tropical or subtropical forest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Gorilla’s face structure is known as “Mandibular Prognathism”.Gorilla is divided into two species- eastern gorillas and western gorillas. The eastern gorillas live in east-central Africa, while western gorillas live in west-central Africa.
“Gorillas are the biggest among all the primates in terms of size and weights. They are herbivores but yet some species eat insects.”
Tigers are the strong and powerful animal, as they are the largest member of the cat family. Some of the species of the tiger are already extinct and the remaining is critically endangered. They are natives of Asia and they inhabit the environment. They prefer dense cover areas. Tigers are good swimmers.
“Tigers are endangered due to the activities like illegal poaching, urbanization, and reduction in prey availability.”
Hawksbill turtle is one of the most endangered turtles. It is the smallest species of the turtle. It inhabits the warm, tropical coastline waters of the world’s oceans – from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific and the Indian Ocean as well. They are on earth before the existence of human beings. They are endangered due to activities like oil mining and sea pollution.
Sumatran Elephants are native to the Indonesian islands of Sumatran. Their short tusks differentiate them from other Asian Elephants. They contribute to the ecosystem, as they feed on various plants and deposit seed wherever they go. They are loving animals, who face danger for their young ones. They lost their half population in just one generation due to the poaching, deforestation, and urbanization. As a result, they are now become critically endangered in the red list of IUNC.
Black Rhinos or hooked lip rhinos are native to eastern or southern Africa. They are different from White Rhinos, as they have hooked lip and White Rhinos have a square lip. They are called Black Rhinos but their colors vary from brown to grey. They are smaller than the other African Rhinos. They have two horns, which are made up of Keratin. The front horn is longer than the other one. The shape and size of the horn differ between sexes. They are solitary animals.
Vaquita found in the northern part of the Gulf of California. They live in shallow, murky lagoons along shorelines. The word “Vaquita” comes from the Spanish which means “little cow”. Their population is declining very rapidly. In 2018 their population remains only 9.This shows that they will soon extinct if some measures have not taken. They have dark rings surrounding their eyes, patches on their lips, and a line that extends from their dorsal fins to their mouths.
Blue Whale is the largest animal. It is a marine mammal. There are three species of it and they found in almost every ocean. It has long, slender mottled grayish-blue bodies. Its population has been declined by around 90%.
Saola found in the Annamite Mountains forests on the border between Vietnam and Laos. It was first discovered by the WWF and the Vietnamese government’s Forest Protection Department (SFNC). Its discovery created huge scientific interest. The saola has round pupils with dark-brown irises that appear orange when light is shone into them.
As we can see here, these are 10 endangered animals that will extinct due to human activities. We humans for our needs are destroying our own ecosystem. For our benefits, these animals are suffering. So this is high time that we understand this issue and raise our voice. Every individual can play an important role in this. We should avoid using things that are made up of animal skin or anything related to animals.
“Thank you so much all of you for reading this article. I hope this will help you. And you will think about this issue now more seriously. And now onwards you will not use things related to animals.”
written by – Monika Sain